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The major precursor to the shift from Art Nouveau towards this new modern style was the Scottish architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh 1868-1928 whose first works had elements of Art Nouveau but he then began to favor a more stark elegant and geometrically inspired style. Art Nouveau was primarily a decorative style whose favorite pattern was the whiplash line and took its name from the Parisien shop opened by the entrepreneur Siegfied Bing in 1895. Called Jugendstil (youth style) in Germany and Austria, Stile Liberty (after the London Store Liberty) in Italy, and Modernista in Spain./

The Kiss /
THE KISS
Gustav Klimt
 

Notable works of art from this period include:
Toorop: The Three Brides  - Kroller-Muller Museum Otterlo Netherlands
Eckmann Five Swans tapestry - Gewerbemuseum Nuremberg
Gustav KLIMT:  Goldfish  - Kunstmuseum Solothurn Switzerland
Gustav KLIMT: The Kiss  - Osterreichische Galerie Vienna

Key Collections include:
Mackintosh Collection Glasgow
Morse Museum of American Art Florida
Mucha Museum Prague
Musee de l'Ecole de Nancy
Victoria & Albert Museum

Notable Artists include:
Edmond Francois Aman-Jean 1860-1935*
Aubrey Vincent Beardsley - 1872-1898 - English graphic artist *
William H Bradley - 1868-1962 American graphic artist
William Carqueville
Walter Crane - 1845-1915 English painter, illustrator and designer
Mstislav Dobuzhinsky 1875-1957/
ERTE - 1892-1900
Otto Eckmann - 1865-1902
Georges de Feure - 1868-1928 French painter and designer *
Arthur Foache
Fidus (Hugo Hoppener) - 1868-1948 German Graphic artist
Sir George Frampton 1860-1928*
Aaksell Gallen-Kallela - 1865-1931 Finnish painter and designer
Emile Galle
Paul Gauguin - 1848-1903 French artist
Fernand Gottlob
Eugene Grasset 1845-1917*
Ferdinand Hodler 1853-1918*
Fred Hyland
Gustav Klimt - 1862-1918 Austrian painter and designer*
Georges Lemmen 1865-1916*
Lucien Levy-Dhurmer 1865-1953*
Margaret MacDonald - 1865-1933 - painter and designer and wife of Rennie Mackintosh
Charles Rennie Mackintosh - 1868-1928 Scottish architect designer and painter *
Aristide Maillol 1861-1944*
Koloman Moser
Alphonse Mucha- 1860-1939*
Anna Ostroumova-Lebedeva 1871-1939/
Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin 1878-1939/
Vasiliy Polenov 1844-1927/
Johan Thorn Prikker 1868-1932*
Odile REDON
- 1840-1916
Jozsef Rippl - Ronai - 1861-1927

Giovanni Segantini 1858-1899*

Valentin Serov 1865-1911/*
Constantin Somov 1869-1939/
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec - 1864-1901 French painter and graphic artist
STEINLEN 1859-1923*
Louis Comfort Tiffany
- 1848-1933*
Jan Toorop - 1858-1928
Victor Vasnetsov 1848-1926/
Henry van de Velde - 1863-1957*
James Abbot McNeill Whistler - 1834-1903 /

JEWELLERS
Rene Lalique - 1860-1945 French jeweller
Georges Fouquet - 1862-1957 French jeweller

ARCHITECTS
Hector Guimard - 1867-1942 French architect and designer
Eugene Grasset -
Eugene Hoffmann - 1870-1956 Austrian architect and designer
Victor Horta - 1861-1947 Belgian architect
Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo - 1851-1942 English architect and designer
Joseph Maria Olbrich - 1867-1908 architect
Richard Riemerschmid - 1868-1957 German architect and designer
Fyodor Shektel - 1859-1926 Russian architect and designer
Charles Robert Ashbee - 1863-1942 designer and architect.
August Endell - 1871-1925 German architect and designer
Ivan Fomin - 1872-1936 Russian architect and designer
Eugene Gaillard - 1862-1933 French designer and architect
Antoni Gaudi I Cornet - 1852-1926 Catalan architect
Gustave-Sessurier-Bovy - 1858-1910 Belgian architect and designer
Louis Henry Sullivan - 1856-1924 American architect
Henry van de Velde - 1863-1957 Belgian architect, designer and painter
Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc - 1814-1879 French architect and writer
Charles Francis Annesley Voysey - 1857-1941 English architect and designer

Otto Wagner - 1841 - 1918 Austrian architect
Frank Lloyd Wright - 1867-1959 American architect and designer

OTHER
Louis Majorelle - 1859-1926 French designer
Julius Meier-Graefe - 1867-1935 German art critic and dealer
William Morris - 1834-1896 English designer, writer and socialist
Hermann Obrist - 1862-1927 Swiss-German designer
Bernhard Pankok - 1872-1943 German painter, architect and designer
Emile Galle - 1846-1904 French glassmaker, ceramicist and furniture designer
Edouard Colonna - 1862-1948 - German-born American designer
Louis Comfort Tiffany
- 1848-1933* American designer
Sarah Bernhardt - 1844-1923 - French actress
Loie Fuller - 1862-1928 American dancer and muse
Siegfried Bing - 1838-1905 German-born French art dealer
Arthur Lasenby Liberty - 1843-1935 English merchant
 

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