Noted Personalities
Noted Writers of the Past

George Ade, 1866-1944, (U.S.) humorist. Fables in Slang.
Conrad Aiken, 1889-1973, (U.S.) poet, critic. Ushant.
Louisa May Alcott, 1832-88, (U.S.) novelist. Little Women.
Sholom Aleichem, 1859-1916, (R.) Yiddish writer. Tevye's Daughter, Adventures of Mottel, The Old Country.
Vicente Aleixandre, 1898-1984, (Sp.) poet. La destrucción o el amor, Dialogolos del conocimiento.
Horatio Alger, 1832-1899, (U.S.) "rags-to-riches" books.
Hans Christian Andersen, 1805-75, (Dan.) author of fairy tales. The Princess and the Pea, The Ugly Duckling.
Maxwell Anderson, 1888-1959, (U.S.) playwright. What Price Glory?, High Tor, Winterset, Key Largo.
Sherwood Anderson, 1876-1941, (U.S.) short-story writer. "Death in the Woods"; Winesburg, Ohio (collection).
Matthew Arnold, 1822-88, (Br.) poet, critic. "Thrysis," "Dover Beach," "The Gypsy Scholar," "Culture and Anarchy."
Isaac Asimov, 1920-92, (U.S.) science fiction writer. I Robot.
Jane Austen, 1775-1817, (Br.) novelist. Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility, Emma, Mansfield Park.
Isaac Babel, 1894-1941, (R.) short-story writer, playwright. Odessa Tales, Red Cavalry.
Honoré de Balzac, 1799-1850, (F.) novelist. Le Père Goriot, Cousine Bette, Eugénie Grandet, The Human Comedy.
James M. Barrie, 1860-1937, (Br.) playwright, novelist. Peter Pan, Dear Brutus, What Every Woman Knows.
Charles Baudelaire, 1821-67, (F.) symbolist poet. Les Fleurs du Mal.
L. Frank Baum, 1856-1919, (U.S.) writer. Wizard of Oz series of children's books.
Simone de Beauvoir, 1908-86, (F.) novelist, essayist. The Second Sex, Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter.
Samuel Beckett, 1906-89, (Ir.) novelist, playwright, in French and English. Waiting for Godot, Endgame (plays); Murphy, Watt, Molloy (novels).
Brendan Behan, 1923-64, (Ir.) playwright. The Quare Fellow, The Hostage, Borstal Boy.
Robert Benchley, 1889-1945, (U.S.) humorist. From Bed to Worse, My Ten Years in a Quandary.
Stephen Vincent Benét, 1898-1943, (U.S.) poet, novelist. John Brown's Body.
John Berryman, 1914-72, (U.S.) poet. Homage to Mistress Bradstreet.
Ambrose Bierce, 1842-1914, (U.S.) short-story writer, journalist. In the Midst of Life, The Devil's Dictionary.
William Blake, 1757-1827, (Br.) poet, artist. Songs of Innocence, Songs of Experience, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell.
Giovanni Boccaccio, 1313-75, (It.) poet, storyteller. Decameron, Filostrato.
Jorge Luis Borges, 1900-86, (Arg.) short-story writer, poet, essayist. Labyrinths.
James Boswell, 1740-95, (Sc.) biographer. The Life of Samuel Johnson, A Journal of a Tour of the Hebrides.
Pierre Boulle, (1913-94) (F.) author. The Bridge Over the River Kwai, Planet of the Apes.
Anne Bradstreet, c 1612-72, (U.S.) poet. The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America.
Bertolt Brecht, 1898-1956, (G.) dramatist, poet. The Threepenny Opera, Mother Courage and Her Children.
Charlotte Brontë, 1816-55, (Br.) novelist. Jane Eyre.
Emily Brontë, 1818-48, (Br.) novelist. Wuthering Heights.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, 1806-61, (Br.) poet. Sonnets From the Portuguese, Aurora Leigh.
Robert Browning, 1812-89, (Br.) poet. "My Last Duchess," "Fra Lippo Lippi," The Ring and The Book.
Pearl Buck, 1892-1973, (U.S.) novelist. The Good Earth.
Mikhail Bulgakov, 1891-1940, (R.) novelist, playwright. The Heart of a Dog, The Master and Margarita.
John Bunyan, 1628-88, (Br.) writer. Pilgrim's Progress.
Anthony Burgess, 1917-93, (Br.) author. A Clockwork Orange.
Robert Burns, 1759-96, (Sc.) poet. "Flow Gently, Sweet Afton," "My Heart's in the Highlands," "Auld Lang Syne."
Edgar Rice Burroughs, 1875-1950, (U.S.) novelist. Tarzan of the Apes.
George Gordon Byron, Lord Byron, 1788-1824, (Br.) poet. Don Juan, Childe Harold, Manfred, Cain.
Italo Calvino, 1923-85, (It.) novelist, short-story writer. If on a Winter's Night a Traveler
Albert Camus, 1913-60, (F.) writer. The Stranger.
Karel Capek, 1890-1938, (Czech.) playwright, novelist, essayist. R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots).
Lewis Carroll, 1832-98, (Br.) writer, mathematician. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Through the Looking Glass.
Giacomo Casanova, 1725-98, (It.) adventurer, memoirist.
Willa Cather, 1873-1947, (U.S.) novelist, essayist. O Pioneers! My Ántonia, Death Comes for the Archbishop.
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, 1547-1616, (Sp.) novelist, dramatist, poet. Don Quixote de la Mancha.
Raymond Chandler, 1888-1959, (U.S.) writer of detective fiction. Philip Marlowe series.
Geoffrey Chaucer, c 1340-1400, (Br.) poet. The Canterbury Tales, Troilus and Criseyde.
John Cheever, 1912-82, (U.S.) short-story writer, novelist. The Wapshot Scandal, "The Country Husband."
Anton Chekhov, 1860-1904, (R.) short-story writer, dramatist. Uncle Vanya, The Cherry Orchard, The Three Sisters.
G. K. Chesterton, 1874-1936, (Br.) critic, novelist. Father Brown series of mysteries.
Kate Chopin, 1851-1904, (U.S.) writer. The Awakening.
Agatha Christie, 1890-1976, (Br.) mystery writer. And Then There Were None, Murder on the Orient Express.
Jean Cocteau, 1889-1963, (F.) writer, visual artist, filmmaker. The Beauty and the Beast, Les Enfants Terribles.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1772-1834, (Br.) poet, critic. "Kubla Khan," "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner," "Christabel."
(Sidonie) Colette, 1873-1954, (F.) novelist. Claudine, Gigi.
Joseph Conrad, 1857-1924, (Br.) novelist. Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness, The Nigger of the Narcissus, Nostromo.
James Fenimore Cooper, 1789-1851, (U.S.) novelist. Leatherstocking Tales.
Pierre Corneille, 1606-84, (F.) dramatist. Medeé, Le Cid, Horace, Cinna, Polyeucte.
Hart Crane, 1899-1932, (U.S.) poet. "The Bridge."
Stephen Crane, 1871-1900, (U.S.) novelist, short-story writer. The Red Badge of Courage, "The Open Boat."
e.e. cummings, 1894-1962, (U.S.) poet. Tulips and Chimneys.
Roald Dahl, 1916-90, (Br.-U.S.) writer. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.
Gabriele D'Annunzio, 1863-1938, (It.) poet, novelist, dramatist. The Child of Pleasure, The Intruder, The Victim.
Dante Alighieri, 1265-1321, (It.) poet. The Divine Comedy.
Daniel Defoe, 1660-1731, (Br.) writer. Robinson Crusoe, Moll Flanders, Journal of the Plague Year.
Charles Dickens, 1812-70, (Br.) novelist. David Copperfield, Oliver Twist, Great Expectations, The Pickwick Papers.
Emily Dickinson, 1830-86, (U.S.) poet.
Isak Dinesen (Karen Blixen), 1885-1962, (Dan.) author. Out of Africa, Seven Gothic Tales, Winter's Tales.
John Donne, 1573-1631, (Br.) poet. Songs and Sonnets.
John Dos Passos, 1896-1970, (U.S.) novelist. U.S.A.
Fyodor Dostoyevsky, 1821-81, (R.) novelist. Crime and Punishment, The Brothers Karamazov, The Possessed.
Arthur Conan Doyle, 1859-1930, (Br.) novelist. Sherlock Holmes mystery series.
Theodore Dreiser, 1871-1945, (U.S.) novelist. An American Tragedy, Sister Carrie.
John Dryden, 1631-1700, (Br.) poet, dramatist, critic. All for Love, Mac Flecknoe, Absalom and Achitopel.
Alexandre Dumas, 1802-70, (F.) novelist, dramatist. The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo.
Alexandre Dumas (fils), 1824-95, (F.) dramatist, novelist. La Dame aux Camélias, Le Demi-Monde.
Ilya G. Ehrenburg, 1891-1967, (R.) writer. The Thaw.
George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans or Marian Evans), 1819-80, (Br.) novelist. Middlemarch, The Mill on the Floss.
T. S. Eliot, 1888-1965, (Br.) poet, critic. The Waste Land, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," Four Quartets.
Ralph Ellison, 1914-94, (U.S.), writer. Invisible Man.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1803-82, (U.S.) poet, essayist. "Brahma," "Nature," "The Over-Soul," "Self-Reliance."
James T. Farrell, 1904-79, (U.S.) novelist. Studs Lonigan.
William Faulkner, 1897-1962, (U.S.) novelist. Sanctuary, Light in August, The Sound and the Fury, Absalom, Absalom!
Henry Fielding, 1707-54, (Br.) novelist. Tom Jones.
F. Scott Fitzgerald, 1896-1940, (U.S.) short-story writer, novelist. The Great Gatsby, Tender Is the Night.
Gustave Flaubert, 1821-80, (F.) novelist. Madame Bovary.
C. S. Forester, 1899-1966, (Br.) writer. Horatio Hornblower.
E. M. Forster, 1879-1970, (Br.) novelist. A Passage to India.
Anatole France, 1844-1924, (F.) writer. Penguin Island, My Friend's Book, The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard.
Robert Frost, 1874-1963, (U.S.) poet. "Birches," "Fire and Ice," "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening."
John Galsworthy, 1867-1933, (Br.) novelist, dramatist. The Forsyte Saga, A Modern Comedy.
Erle Stanley Gardner, 1889-1970, (U.S.) novelist. Perry Mason series of mysteries.
Jean Genet, 1911-86, (F.) playwright, novelist. The Blacks, The Maids, The Balcony.
André Gide, 1869-1951, (F.) writer. The Immoralist, The Pastoral Symphony, Strait Is the Gate.
Jean Giraudoux, 1882-1944, (F.) novelist, dramatist. Electra, The Madwoman of Chaillot, Ondine, Tiger at the Gate.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1749-1832, (G.) poet, dramatist, novelist. Faust, The Sorrows of Young Werther.
Nikolai Gogol, 1809-52, (R.) short-story writer, dramatist, novelist. Dead Souls, The Inspector General.
William Golding, 1911-93, (Br.) writer. Lord of the Flies.
Oliver Goldsmith, 1730?-74, (Br.-Ir.) writer. The Vicar of Wakefield, She Stoops to Conquer.
Maxim Gorky, 1868-1936, (R.) writer. The Lower Depths.
Robert Graves, 1895-1985, (Br.) poet, classical scholar, novelist. I, Claudius; The White Goddess.
Thomas Gray, 1716-71, (Br.) poet. "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard," "The Progress of Poesy."
Graham Greene, 1904-91, (Br.) novelist. The Power and the Glory, The Heart of the Matter, The Ministry of Fear.
Zane Grey, 1872-1939, (U.S.) writer of western stories.
Jakob Grimm, 1785-1863, (G.) philologist, folklorist. German Methodology, Grimm's Fairy Tales.
Wilhelm Grimm, 1786-1859, (G.) philologist, folklorist. Grimm's Fairy Tales.
Alex Haley, 1921-92, (U.S.) author. Roots, The Autobiography of Malcolm X.
Dashiell Hammett, 1894-1961, (U.S.) writer of detective fiction, created Sam Spade.
Knute Hamsun, 1859-1952, (Nor.) novelist. Hunger.
Thomas Hardy, 1840-1928, (Br.) novelist, poet. The Return of the Native, Tess of the D'Urbervilles, Jude the Obscure.
Joel Chandler Harris, 1848-1908, (U.S.) short-story writer. Uncle Remus series.
Moss Hart, 1904-61, (U.S.) playwright. Once in a Lifetime, You Can't Take It With You, The Man Who Came to Dinner.
Bret Harte, 1836-1902, (U.S.) short-story writer, poet. The Luck of Roaring Camp.
Jaroslav Hasek, 1883-1923, (Czech.) writer. The Good Soldier Schweik.
Nathaniel Hawthorne, 1804-64, (U.S.) novelist, short-story writer. The Scarlet Letter, "The Artist of the Beautiful."
Heinrich Heine, 1797-1856, (G.) poet. Book of Songs.
Lillian Hellman, 1905-84, (U.S.) playwright, author of memoirs. "The Little Foxes," An Unfinished Woman, Pentimento.
Ernest Hemingway, 1899-1961, (U.S.) novelist, short-story writer. A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls.
O. Henry (W. S. Porter), 1862-1910, (U.S.) short-story writer. "The Gift of the Magi."
John Hersey, 1914-93, (U.S.) novelist, journalist. Hiroshima, A Bell for Adano.
Hermann Hesse, 1877-1962, (G.) novelist, poet. Death and the Lover, Steppenwolf, Siddhartha.
Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1809-94, (U.S.) poet, novelist. The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table.
Alfred E. Housman, 1859-1936, (Br.) poet. A Shropshire Lad.
William Dean Howells, 1837-1920, (U.S.) novelist, critic. The Rise of Silas Lapham.
Langston Hughes, 1902-67, (U.S.) poet, playwright. The Weary Blues, One-Way Ticket, Shakespeare in Harlem.
Victor Hugo, 1802-85, (F.) poet, dramatist, novelist. Notre Dame de Paris, Les Misérables.
Nora Zeale Hurston, 1903-60, (U.S.) novelist, folklorist. Their Eyes Were Watching God, Mules and Men.
Aldous Huxley, 1894-1963, (Br.) writer. Brave New World.
Henrik Ibsen, 1828-1906, (Nor.) dramatist, poet. A Doll's House, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, Hedda Gabler.
Eugene Ionesco, 1910-94, (F.) surrealist writer. The Bald Soprano, The Chairs.
Washington Irving, 1783-1859, (U.S.) writer. "Rip Van Winkle," "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow."
Shirley Jackson, 1919-65, (U.S.) writer. "The Lottery."
Henry James, 1843-1916, (U.S.) novelist, short-story writer, critic. The Portrait of a Lady, The American, Daisy Miller.
Robinson Jeffers, 1887-1962, (U.S.) poet, dramatist. Tamar and Other Poems, Medea.
Samuel Johnson, 1709-84, (Br.) author, scholar, critic. Dictionary of the English Language.
Ben Jonson, 1572-1637, (Br.) dramatist, poet. Volpone.
James Joyce, 1882-1941, (Ir.) writer. Ulysses, Dubliners, A Portrait of the Artist As a Young Man, Finnegans Wake.
Franz Kafka, 1883-1924, (G.) novelist, short-story writer. The Trial, Amerika, The Castle, The Metamorphosis.
George S. Kaufman, 1889-1961, (U.S.) playwright. The Man Who Came to Dinner, You Can't Take It With You, Stage Door.
Nikos Kazantzakis, 1883?-1957, (Gk.) novelist. Zorba the Greek, A Greek Passion.
John Keats, 1795-1821, (Br.) poet. "Ode on a Grecian Urn," "Ode to a Nightingale," "La Belle Dame Sans Merci."
Joyce Kilmer, 1886-1918, (U.S.) poet, "Trees."
Rudyard Kipling, 1865-1936, (Br.) author, poet. "The White Man's Burden," "Gunga Din," The Jungle Book.
Jean de la Fontaine, 1621-95, (F.) poet. Fables choisies.
Pär Lagerkvist, 1891-1974, (Swed.) poet, dramatist, novelist. Barabbas, The Sybil.
Selma Lagerlöf, 1858-1940, (Swed.) novelist. Jerusalem, The Ring of the Lowenskolds.
Alphonse de Lamartine, 1790-1869, (F.) poet, novelist, statesman. Méditations poétiques.
Charles Lamb, 1775-1834, (Br.) essayist. Specimens of English Dramatic Poets, Essays of Elia.
Giuseppe di Lampedusa, 1896-1957, (It.) novelist. The Leopard.
Ring Lardner, 1885-1933, (U.S.) short-story writer, humorist. You Know Me, Al.
D. H. Lawrence, 1885-1930, (Br.) novelist. Sons and Lovers, Women in Love, Lady Chatterley's Lover.
Mikhail Lermontov, 1814-41, (R.) novelist, poet. "Demon," Hero of Our Time.
Alain-René Lesage, 1668-1747, (F.) novelist. Gil Blas de Santillane.
Gotthold Lessing, 1729-81, (G.) dramatist, philosopher, critic. Miss Sara Sampson, Minna von Barnhelm.
Sinclair Lewis, 1885-1951, (U.S.) novelist. Babbitt, Arrowsmith, Dodsworth, Main Street.
Vachel Lindsay, 1879-1931, (U.S.) poet. General William Booth Enters into Heaven, The Congo.
Hugh Lofting, 1886-1947, (Br.) writer. Dr. Doolittle series.
Jack London, 1876-1916, (U.S.) novelist, journalist. Call of the Wild, The Sea-Wolf.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1807-82, (U.S.) poet. Evangeline, The Song of Hiawatha.
Amy Lowell, 1874-1925, (U.S.) poet, critic. "Lilacs."
James Russell Lowell, 1819-91, (U.S.) poet, editor. Poems, The Biglow Papers.
Robert Lowell, 1917-77, (U.S.) poet. "Lord Weary's Castle."
Niccolò Machiavelli, 1469-1527, (It.) writer, statesman. The Prince, Discourses on Livy.
Bernard Malamud, 1914-86, (U.S.) short-story writer, novelist. "The Magic Barrel," The Assistant, The Fixer.
Stéphane Mallarmé, 1842-98, (F.) poet. Poésies.
Thomas Malory, ?-1471, (Br.) writer. Morte d'Arthur.
Andre Malraux, 1901-76, (F.) novelist. Man's Fate.
Osip Mandelstam, 1891-1938, (R.) poet. Stone, Tristia.
Thomas Mann, 1875-1955, (G.) novelist, essayist. Buddenbrooks, Death in Venice, The Magic Mountain.
Katherine Mansfield, 1888-1923, (Br.) writer. "Bliss."
Christopher Marlowe, 1564-93, (Br.) dramatist, poet. Tamburlaine the Great, Dr. Faustus, The Jew of Malta.
John Masefield, 1878-1967, (Br.) poet. "Sea Fever," "Cargoes," Salt Water Ballads.
Edgar Lee Masters, 1869-1950, (U.S.) poet, biographer. Spoon River Anthology.
W. Somerset Maugham, 1874-1965, (Br.) author. Of Human Bondage, The Razor's Edge, The Moon and Sixpence.
Guy de Maupassant, 1850-93, (F.) novelist, short-story writer. "A Life," "Bel-Ami," "The Necklace."
François Mauriac, 1885-1970, (F.) novelist, dramatist. Viper's Tangle, The Kiss to the Leper.
Vladimir Mayakovsky, 1893-1930, (R.) poet, dramatist. The Cloud in Trousers.
Mary McCarthy, 1912-89, (U.S.) critic, novelist. Memories of a Catholic Girlhood.
Carson McCullers, 1917-67, (U.S.) novelist. The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter, Member of the Wedding.
Herman Melville, 1819-91, (U.S.) novelist, poet. Moby Dick, Typee, Billy Budd, Omoo.
H. L. Mencken, 1880-1956, (U.S.) author, critic, editor. Prejudices, The American Language.
George Meredith, 1828-1909, (Br.) novelist, poet. The Ordeal of Richard Feverel, The Egoist.
Prosper Mérimée, 1803-70, (F.) author. Carmen.
Edna St. Vincent Millay, 1892-1950, (U.S.) poet. The Harp Weaver and Other Poems, A Few Figs from Thistles.
Henry Miller, 1891-1980, (U.S.), writer. Tropic of Cancer
A. A. Milne, 1882-1956, (Br.) author. Winnie-the-Pooh.
John Milton, 1608-74, (Br.) poet. Paradise Lost.
Mishima Yukio (Hiraoka Kimitake), 1925-70, (Jap.) writer. Confessions of a Mask.
Gabriela Mistral, 1889-1957, (Chil.) poet. Sonnets of Death.
Margaret Mitchell, 1900-49, (U.S.) author. Gone With the Wind.
Jean Baptiste Molière, 1622-73, (F.) dramatist. Le Tartuffe, Le Misanthrope, Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme.
Ferenc Molnár, 1878-1952, (Hung.) dramatist, novelist. Liliom, The Guardsman, The Swan.
Michel de Montaigne, 1533-92, (F.) essayist. Essais.
Eugenio Montale, 1896-1981, (It.) poet.
Clement C. Moore, 1779-1863, (U.S.) poet, educator. "A Visit From Saint Nicholas."
Marianne Moore, 1887-1972, (U.S.) poet. Collected Poems.
Thomas More, 1478-1535, (Br.) writer. Utopia.
H. H. Munro (Saki), 1870-1916, (Br.) writer. Reginald, The Chronicles of Clovis, Beasts and Super-Beasts.
Murasaki Shikibu, c 978-1031?, (Jap.) novelist. The Tale of Genji.
Alfred de Musset, 1810-57, (F.) poet, dramatist. La Confession d'un Enfant du Siècle.
Vladimir Nabokov, 1899-1977, (R.-U.S.) novelist. Lolita.
Ogden Nash, 1902-71, (U.S.) poet. Hard Lines, I'm a Stranger Here Myself, The Private Dining Room.
Pablo Neruda, 1904-73, (Chil.) poet. Twenty Love Poems and One Song of Despair, Toward the Splendid City.
Sean O'Casey, 1884-1964, (Ir.) dramatist. Juno and the Paycock, The Plough and the Stars.
Flannery O'Connor, 1925-64, (U.S.) novelist, short-story writer. Wise Blood, "A Good Man Is Hard to Find."
Clifford Odets, 1906-63, (U.S.) playwright. Waiting for Lefty, Awake and Sing, Golden Boy, The Country Girl.
John O'Hara, 1905-70, (U.S.) novelist, short-story writer. From the Terrace, Appointment in Samarra, Pal Joey.
Omar Khayyam, c 1028-1122, (Per.) poet. Rubaiyat.
Eugene O'Neill, 1888-1953, (U.S.) playwright. Emperor Jones, Anna Christie, Long Day's Journey into Night.
George Orwell, 1903-50, (Br.) novelist, essayist. Animal Farm, Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Thomas (Tom) Paine, 1737-1809, (U.S.) writer, political theorist. Common Sense.
Dorothy Parker, 1893-1967, (U.S.) poet, short-story writer. Enough Rope, Laments for the Living.
Boris Pasternak, 1890-1960, (R.) poet, novelist. Doctor Zhivago, My Sister, Life.
Samuel Pepys, 1633-1703, (Br.) public official, diarist.
S. J. Perelman, 1904-79, (U.S.) humorist. The Road to Miltown, Under the Spreading Atrophy.
Francesco Petrarca, 1304-74, (It.) poet. Africa, Trionfi, Canzoniere, On Solitude.
Luigi Pirandello, 1867-1936, (It.) novelist, dramatist. Six Characters in Search of an Author.
Sylvia Plath, 1932-63, (U.S.) author, poet. The Bell Jar.
Edgar Allan Poe, 1809-49, (U.S.) poet, short-story writer, critic. "Annabel Lee," "The Raven," "The Purloined Letter."
Alexander Pope, 1688-1744, (Br.) poet. The Rape of the Lock, An Essay on Man.
Katherine Anne Porter, 1890-1980, (U.S.) novelist, short-story writer. Ship of Fools.
Ezra Pound, 1885-1972, (U.S.) poet. Cantos.
Marcel Proust, 1871-1922, (F.) novelist. Remembrance of Things Past.
Aleksandr Pushkin, 1799-1837, (R.) poet, prose writer. Boris Godunov, Eugene Onegin, The Bronze Horseman.
François Rabelais, 1495-1553, (F.) writer. Gargantua.
Jean Racine, 1639-99, (F.) dramatist. Andromaque, Phèdre, Bérénice, Britannicus.
Ayn Rand, 1905-82, (R.-U.S.) novelist, philosopher. The Fountainhead, Atlas Shrugged.
Erich Maria Remarque, 1898-1970, (G.-U.S.) novelist. All Quiet on the Western Front.
Samuel Richardson, 1689-1761, (Br.) novelist. Clarissa Harlowe; Pamela; Or Virtue Rewarded.
Rainer Maria Rilke, 1875-1926, (G.) poet. Life and Songs, Duino Elegies, Poems from the Book of Hours.
Arthur Rimbaud, 1854-91, (F.) poet. A Season in Hell.
Edwin Arlington Robinson, 1869-1935, (U.S.) poet. "Richard Cory," "Miniver Cheevy."
Theodore Roethke, 1908-63, (U.S.) poet. Open House, The Waking, The Far Field.
Romain Rolland, 1866-1944, (F.) novelist, biographer. Jean-Christophe.
Pierre de Ronsard, 1524-85, (F.) poet. Sonnets pour Hálàne, La Franciade.
Edmond Rostand, 1868-1918, (F.) poet, dramatist. Cyrano de Bergerac.
Damon Runyon, 1880-1946, (U.S.) short-story writer, journalist. Guys and Dolls, Blue Plate Special.
John Ruskin, 1819-1900, (Br.) critic, social theorist. Modern Painters, The Seven Lamps of Architecture.
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, 1900-44, (F.) writer. Wind, Sand and Stars; The Little Prince.
George Sand (Amandine Aurore Lucile), 1804-76, (F.) novelist. Consuelo, The Haunted Pool, The Master Bell-Ringer.
Carl Sandburg, 1878-1967, (U.S.) poet. The People, Yes; Chicago Poems, Smoke and Steel, Harvest Poems.
George Santayana, 1863-1952, (U.S.) poet, essayist, philosopher. The Sense of Beauty, The Realms of Being.
William Saroyan, 1908-81, (U.S.) playwright, novelist. The Time of Your Life, The Human Comedy.
Jean-Paul Sartre, 1905-80, (F.) philosopher, novelist, playwright. Nausea, No Exit, Being and Nothingness.
Richard Scarry, 1920-94, (U.S.) author of children's books. Richard Scarry's Best Story Book Ever.
Friedrich von Schiller, 1759-1805, (G.) dramatist, poet, historian. Don Carlos, Maria Stuart, Wilhelm Tell.
Sir Walter Scott, 1771-1832, (Sc.) novelist, poet. Ivanhoe.
Jaroslav Seifert, 1902-86, (Czech.) poet.
Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel), 1904-91, (U.S.) children's book author and illustrator. The Cat in the Hat.
William Shakespeare, 1564-1616, (Br.) dramatist, poet. Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, King Lear, Julius Caesar, The Merchant of Venice, Othello, Macbeth, The Tempest; sonnets.
George Bernard Shaw, 1856-1950, (Ir.-Br.) playwright, critic. St. Joan, Pygmalion, Major Barbara, Man and Superman.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, 1797-1851, (Br.) novelist, feminist. Frankenstein, The Last Man.
Percy Bysshe Shelley, 1792-1822, (Br.) poet. Prometheus Unbound, Adonais, "Ode to the West Wind," "To a Skylark."
Richard B. Sheridan, 1751-1816, (Br.) dramatist. The Rivals, School for Scandal.
William l. Shirer, 1904-93, (U.S.) author. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.
Mikhail Sholokhov, 1906-84, (R.) writer. The Silent Don.
Upton Sinclair, 1878-1968, (U.S.) novelist. The Jungle.
Isaac Bashevis Singer, 1904-91, (Pol.-U.S.) novelist, short story writer, in Yiddish. The Magician of Lubin.
Edmund Spenser, 1552-99, (Br.) poet. The Faerie Queen.
Christina Stead, 1903-83, (Austral.) novelist, short-story writer. The Man Who Loved Children.
Richard Steele, 1672-1729, (Br.) essayist, playwright, began the Tatler and Spectator. The Conscious Lovers.
Lincoln Steffens, 1866-1936, (U.S.) editor, writer. The Shame of the Cities.
Gertrude Stein, 1874-1946, (U.S.) writer. Three Lives.
John Steinbeck, 1902-68, (U.S.) novelist. The Grapes of Wrath, Of Mice and Men, The Winter of Our Discontent.
Stendhal (Marie Henri Beyle), 1783-1842, (F.) novelist. The Red and the Black, The Charterhouse of Parma.
Laurence Sterne, 1713-68, (Br.) novelist. Tristram Shandy.
Wallace Stevens, 1879-1955, (U.S.) poet. Harmonium, The Man With the Blue Guitar, Notes Toward a Supreme Fiction.
Robert Louis Stevenson, 1850-94, (Br.) novelist, poet, essayist. Treasure Island, A Child's Garden of Verses.
Rex Stout, 1886-1975, (U.S.) novelist, created Nero Wolfe.
Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1811-96, (U.S.) novelist. Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Lytton Strachey, 1880-1932, (Br.) biographer, critic. Eminent Victorians, Queen Victoria, Elizabeth and Essex.
August Strindberg, 1849-1912, (Swed.) dramatist, novelist. The Father, Miss Julie, The Creditors.
Jonathan Swift, 1667-1745, (Br.) writer. Gulliver's Travels.
Algernon C. Swinburne, 1837-1909, (Br.) writer. Atalanta in Calydon.
John M. Synge, 1871-1909, (Ir.) poet, dramatist. Riders to the Sea, The Playboy of the Western World.
Rabindranath Tagore, 1861-1941, (Ind.) author, poet. Sadhana, The Realization of Life, Gitanjali.
Booth Tarkington, 1869-1946, (U.S.) novelist. Seventeen, Alice Adams, Penrod.
Sara Teasdale, 1884-1933, (U.S.) poet. Helen of Troy and Other Poems, Rivers to the Sea, Flame and Shadow.
Tennyson, Alfred, Lord, 1809-92, (Br.) poet. Idylls of the King, In Memoriam, "The Charge of the Light Brigade."
William Makepeace Thackeray, 1811-63, (Br.) novelist. Vanity Fair, Henry Esmond, Pendennis.
Dylan Thomas, 1914-53, (Welsh) poet. Under Milk Wood, A Child's Christmas in Wales.
Henry David Thoreau, 1817-62, (U.S.) author. Walden.
James Thurber, 1894-1961, (U.S.) humorist, cartoonist. "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty," My Life and Hard Times.
J. R. R. Tolkien, 1892-1973, (Br.) writer. Lord of the Rings.
Leo Tolstoy, 1828-1910, (R.) novelist, short-story writer. War and Peace, Anna Karenina, "The Death of Ivan Ilyich."
Anthony Trollope, 1815-82, (Br.) novelist. The Warden, Barchester Towers, The Palliser novels.
Ivan Turgenev, 1818-83, (R.) novelist, short-story writer. Fathers and Sons, First Love, A Month in the Country.
Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens), 1835-1910, (U.S.) novelist, humorist. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Tom Sawyer.
Sigrid Undset, 1881-1949, (Nor.) novelist, poet. Kristin Lavransdatter.
Paul Valéry, 1871-1945, (F.) poet, critic. La Jeune Parque, The Graveyard by the Sea.
Jules Verne, 1828-1905, (F.) novelist. Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea.
François Villon, 1431-63?, (F.) poet. The Lays, The Grand Testament.
Evelyn Waugh, 1903-66, (Br.) novelist. The Loved One.
H. G. Wells, 1866-1946, (Br.) novelist. The Time Machine, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds.
Rebecca West, 1893-1983, (Br.) critic. Black Lamb and Grey Falcon.
Edith Wharton, 1862-1937, (U.S.) novelist. The Age of Innocence, The House of Mirth, Ethan Frome.
E. B. White, 1899-1985, (U.S.), essayist, novelist. Here Is New York, Charlotte's Web, Stuart Little.
T. H. White, 1906-64, (Br.) author. The Once and Future King, A Book of Beasts.
Walt Whitman, 1819-92, (U.S.) poet. Leaves of Grass.
John Greenleaf Whittier, 1807-92, (U.S.) poet, journalist. Snow-Bound.
Oscar Wilde, 1854-1900, (Ir.) playwright, story-writer. The Picture of Dorian Gray, The Importance of Being Earnest.
Laura Ingalls Wilder, 1867-1957, (U.S.) novelist. Little House on the Prairie series of children's books.
Thornton Wilder, 1897-1975, (U.S.) playwright. Our Town, The Skin of Our Teeth, The Matchmaker.
Tennessee Williams, 1911-83, (U.S.) playwright. A Streetcar Named Desire, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, The Glass Menagerie.
William Carlos Williams, 1883-1963, (U.S.) poet. Tempers, Al Que Quiere! Paterson.
Edmund Wilson, 1895-1972, (U.S.) critic, novelist. Axel's Castle, To the Finland Station.
P. G. Wodehouse, 1881-1975, (Br.-U.S.) humorist. The "Jeeves" novels, Anything Goes.
Thomas Wolfe, 1900-38, (U.S.) novelist. Look Homeward, Angel, You Can't Go Home Again, Of Time and the River.
Virginia Woolf, 1882-1941, (Br.) novelist, essayist. Mrs. Dalloway, To the Lighthouse, The Waves, A Room of One's Own.
William Wordsworth, 1770-1850, (Br.) poet. "Tintern Abbey," "Ode: Intimations of Immortality," The Prelude.
William Butler Yeats, 1865-1939, (Ir.) poet, playwright. The Wild Swans at Coole, The Tower, Last Poems.
Émile Zola, 1840-1902, (F.) novelist. Nana, The Dram Shop.

The World Almanac® and Book of Facts 1995 is licensed from Funk & Wagnalls Corporation. Copyright © 1994 by Funk & Wagnalls Corporation. All rights reserved.
The World Almanac and The World Almanac Book of Facts are registered trademarks of Funk & Wagnalls Corporation.


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